Journal Publication

Peer-Reviewed Academic Journal

Science communication as a collective intelligence endeavor: A manifesto and examples for implementation.

Effective science communication is challenging when scientific messages are informed by a continually updating evidence base and must often compete against misinformation. We argue that we need a new program of science communication as collective intelligence—a collaborative approach, supported by technology. This would have four key advantages over the typical model where scientists communicate as …

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How should the US Federal Government oversee clinicians’ relationships with industry?

Abstract Many clinicians, including those who work in government, experience potential clashes between their professional responsibilities and personal interests that can create conflicts of interest (COIs). Some clinicians might assert that their personal stakes do not influence their professional actions, but data suggest otherwise. This commentary on a case suggests that COIs must be acknowledged …

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AOM Perspectives

The Professionalism Paradox: A Sense of Professionalism Increases Vulnerability to Conflicts of Interest

Professionalism is often viewed, in the management literature and in practice, as a desirable sought-after trait in employees and managers. This belief, however, does not consider a potential dark side of professionalism. A high self-concept of professionalism often coexists with a shallow notion of the concept and can paradoxically lead to detrimental outcomes, such as …

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Patient responses to physician disclosures of industry conflicts of interest: A randomized field experiment.

Abstract Most patients in the United States depend on physicians who have financial relationships with the healthcare industry. These physician-industry relationships represent a conflict of interest: a potential clash between the physicians’ professional responsibilities and their self-interest. We conducted a randomized field experiment to assess the impact of written disclosures of physicians’ conflict of interest …

Patient responses to physician disclosures of industry conflicts of interest: A randomized field experiment. Read More »

Amplification of the status quo bias among physicians making medical decisions.

Summary The status quo bias (SQB) is the tendency to prefer the current state of affairs. We investigated if experts (physicians) fall prey to the SQB when making decisions in their area of expertise and, if so, whether the SQB is reduced or amplified for experts compared to non-experts. We presented 302 physicians and 733 …

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Ten considerations for effectively managing the COVID-19 transition

Abstarct Governments around the world have implemented measures to manage the transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). While the majority of these measures are proving effective, they have a high social and economic cost, and response strategies are being adjusted. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that communities should have a voice, be informed and …

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When Science Becomes Embroiled in Conflict: Recognizing the Public’s Need for Debate while Combating Conspiracies and Misinformation.

We explore the common attributes of political conflicts in which scientific findings have a central role, using the COVID-19 pandemic as a case study, but also drawing on long-standing conflicts over climate change and vaccinations. We analyze situations in which the systematic spread of disinformation or conspiracy theories undermines public trust in the work of …

When Science Becomes Embroiled in Conflict: Recognizing the Public’s Need for Debate while Combating Conspiracies and Misinformation. Read More »

Conflict of interest disclosure with high quality advice: The disclosure penalty and the altruistic signal.

Abstract Advisors often have conflicts of interest: a potential clash between professional responsibilities and self-interests. Disclosure—informing advisees of the conflict—is a common policy response to manage such conflicts. However, extant research on disclosure has often confounded disclosure with poor-quality advice. In this article, we explore whether laws requiring conflict of interest disclosure damage the advisor–advisee …

Conflict of interest disclosure with high quality advice: The disclosure penalty and the altruistic signal. Read More »

Mind the (information) gap: Strategic non-disclosure by marketers and interventions to increase consumer deliberation.

Marketers have a choice of what to tell consumers and consumers must consider what they are told or not told. Across 6 experiments, we show that consumers fail to differentiate between deliberate and nondeliberate missing information (strategic naiveté) and make generous inferences when they do notice missing information is deliberately withheld (charitability). We also show …

Mind the (information) gap: Strategic non-disclosure by marketers and interventions to increase consumer deliberation. Read More »

Understanding the (Perverse) Effects of Disclosing Conflicts of Interest: A Direct Replication Study.

Abstract Advisors are often subject to conflicts of interest—a potential clash between their professional responsibilities and personal interests. Such conflicts can increase bias in advice. Although disclosure is frequently proposed to manage conflicts of interest, it can have unintended consequences on both advisees and advisors. In seminal work, Cain et al., 2005, Cain et al., …

Understanding the (Perverse) Effects of Disclosing Conflicts of Interest: A Direct Replication Study. Read More »